Aquatic Ape Human Ancestor Theory

Aquatic Ape Theory - What is it?

A Brief Summary of AAT - key arguments

A Brief History and Key Proponents of AAT

When / Where / How?

Ape to Human Evolution Timeline

Alternative theories of human evolution

Wikipedia and the scientific community

... Anatomical Evidence
... Bipedalism
... Birth and babies
... Brain
... Breath control
... Descended larynx
... Diet
... Diseases
... Fat
... Fingers, toes and feet
... Furlessness
... Hair and baldness
... Human ailments
... Kidneys
... Language & Song
... Menopause
... Nose
... Olfactory sense
... Pachyostosis
... Paranasal Sinuses
... Platycephaly
... Reverse osmosis
... Sexual features
... Sleep (USWS)
... Surfer's ear
... Sweating
... Tears
... Underwater vision
... Viruses
... Waterside environments

. Homo Ancestors
... Trachillos bipedal hominids
... Homo erectus
... Homo neanderthalensis
... Sea Gypsies/ the Moken
... Homo sapiens - water afinity
... Coastal Migration
... Pan and Gorilla ancestry
... Semi-Aquatic Animals

. Testable Hypotheses
. Fossil evidence
. Genetic evidence
. Paleoecological evidence
. Retroviral marker in apes
. Acheulean handaxes

A call to scientists...

Recent News and Updates

Books and publications


Videos links



Articles on Aquatic Ape Theory

Did Human Evolution Include a Semi-Aquatic Phase?

A recent book outlines fossil evidence supporting the controversial hypothesis.

Peter Rhys-Evans, Apr 1, 2020

TheScientist Magazine [website]

"The Archaeology of Aquatic Adaptations: Paradigms for a New Millennium"
Jon M. Erlandson [pdf]

"Evolution of the second orangutan: phylogeny and biogeography of hominid origins"
John R. Grehan and Jeffrey H. Schwartz [pdf]

"Langdon's critique of the Aquatic Ape Hypothesis: Not the last Word"
Algis V. Kuliukas M.Sc. [pdf]

2013 “Dunking the Tarzanists: Elaine Morgan and the Aquatic Ape Theory,” in Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology, ed. Oren Harman and Michael R. Dietrich (Chicago: University of Chicago Press), 223-247. [pdf

2013 "Elaine Morgan Obituary," The Guardian  (July 29, 2013). [link]

2013 “Elaine Morgan and the Aquatic Ape,” guest blog post for Rebekah Higgitt and Vanessa Heggie's The H-Word, hosted by The Guardian  (May 13, 2013). [link]


Website: F. Mansfield, 2015

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